Due to years of neglect by the federal government, Confederate sympathies were high in Tucson, which had been proclaimed capital of the western district of the Confederate Arizona Territory, which comprised what is now southern Arizona and southern New Mexico. Mesilla, near Las Cruces, was both the territorial capital and seat of the eastern district of the territory. Ultimately, Confederate dreams included influencing sympathizers in southern California to join them and give the Confederacy an outlet on the Pacific Ocean. These images are from a re-enactment of the Battle of Picacho Peak (April 15, 1862), located between Phoenix and Tucson, AZ and is noted for being the western most battle of the American Civil War (1861-65).
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